List of DMP-Sponsored or Co-Sponsored Focus Topics and Sorting Categories for the 2018 APS March Meeting
7.1.1: Dielectric and Ferroic Oxides (same as 11.1.1, 16.1.13)
Organizers: Seiji Kojima (U Tsukuba), Nicholas Barrett (CEA) & Shi Liu (Carnegie Inst for Science)
Complex oxides can exhibit a rich variety of order parameters, such as polarization, strain, charge and orbital magnetization degrees of freedom. Their ordering phenomena give rise to a vast range of functional properties including ferroelectricity, polarity, pyroelectricity, electrocaloricity, magnetoelectricity, multiferroicity, metal-insulator transitions and defect-related properties, which are the principal topics of interest for this symposium. Understanding and harnessing these functional properties in view of new applications is a major challenge in our field:
- Photovoltaics and photo-induced phenomena such as strain and charge order
- Domain wall engineering
- Band-filling and bandwidth control for charge and orbital ordering
- Electric or mechanical control of ordering phenomena
- Energy harvesting
This focus topic therefore welcomes contributions on fundamental aspects of structure, ordering and functionality in complex oxides as well as on emerging avenues to controlling polarization, magnetism and electronic properties via strain and/or strain gradients and/or defects. Contributions on breakthroughs and progress in the theory, synthesis, characterization, and device implementations in these and other related topics are highly encouraged.
7.1.2: Topological Materials: Synthesis, Characterization and Modeling
Organizers: Yong Chen (Purdue Univ), Chaoxing Liu (Penn State Univ) & Zhiqiang Mao (Tulane Univ)
There has been explosive growth in the study of topological insulators in which the combined effects of the spin-orbit coupling and time-reversal symmetry yield a bulk energy gap with novel gapless surface states that are robust against scattering. Moreover, the field has expanded in scope to include topological phases in superconductors, crystalline insulators, (semi)metals, Kondo systems, magnetic materials and complex heterostructures capable of harboring exotic topologically nontrivial state of quantum matter. The observation of theoretical predictions depends greatly on sample quality and there remain significant challenges in identifying and synthesizing the underlying materials that have properties amenable to the study of the bulk, surface and interface states of interest. This topic will focus on fundamental advances in the synthesis, characterization and modeling of candidate topological materials in various forms including single crystals, exfoliated and epitaxial thin films and heterostructures, and nanowires and nanoribbons, in addition to theoretical studies that illuminate the synthesis effort and identify new candidate materials. Of equal interest is the characterization of these samples using structural, transport, magnetic, optical, scanning probe, photoemission and other spectroscopic techniques, and related theoretical efforts aimed at modeling various properties both in the surface/interface and in the bulk.
7.1.3: Dirac and Weyl semimetals: prediction, synthesis, characterization and new phenomena (same as 12.1.10)
Organizers: Ken Burch (Boston College), Andrei Bernevig (Princeton Univ) & Johnpierre Paglione (Univ Maryland)
The field of topological semimetals has developed dramatically over the past few years. After the initial prediction and discovery of Dirac and Weyl semimetals – materials whose low energy excitations can be described by the Dirac or Weyl equation of high-energy physics – the field has now expanded to include new low-energy excitations not possible in a high-energy setting. Semimetals with different degeneracy at crossing points or lines have been predicted. Transport theories and effects have been predicted and proposed in order to measure a small subset of the topological characteristics of the semimetals (such as Chern numbers). Furthermore, semimetals whose existence is guaranteed by filling constraints derived from the presence of certain orbitals at certain points in specific lattices have also been mentioned in the literature.
Distinct from conventional low carrier density systems, Dirac, Weyl and other semimetals are expected to possess exotic properties due to the nontrivial topologies of their electronic wavefunctions. A subset of the novel properties predicted include Berry phase contributions to transport properties, chiral anomaly, quantized nonlinear transport under circularly polarized light, protected Fermi arc surface states, suppressed scattering, optical control of topology, landau level spectroscopy, superconductivity, and non-local transport. While promising candidate materials exist for many but certainly not all of the topological semimetals, many phenomena have yet to be clearly resolved.
This focus topic aims to explore Dirac, Weyl and other new semimetals and the novel phenomena associated with them. We solicit contributions on predictions, new materials synthesis and characterization, new phenomena in topological semimetals, as well as studies on both conventional and unconventional semimetals, both in the bulk and on the surfaces of samples that accentuate the non-trivial topological character of the new semimetals.
7.1.4: Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Halide Perovskites (Same as 12.1.11)
Organizers: Yan Li (Univ Utah) & Hanwei Gao (Florida State Univ)
Organometallic halide perovskites have recently caused a surge of interest in their optoelectronic properties and applications due to their remarkable performance as semiconductor light absorbers in solar cells. As a anew class of semiconductors, these materials are interesting not only because of the hybrid organic-inorganic structure, but also for their superior properties such as high defect tolerance, strong optical absorption, low recombination rate, ambipolar charge transport, and tunable physical properties. Rapid progress has been made in the demonstration of photoelectronic perovskite devices for photovoltaics, light emission, lasing and photodetection. Possible structural asymmetry, due to lattice distortion by organic cations, gives rise to ferroelectricity and large Rashba spin-orbit coupling in the hybrid perovskites, which provides more functionality to devices with electric field control and/or utilization of spin. However, the underlying physics of many unusual properties remains elusive, such as the hysteretic current-voltage relationships, low recombination rate, long spin lifetime and ferroelectric behavior. The practical use of these hybrid perovskite calls for more in-depth understanding of their fundamental properties and versatile strategies to tune and optimize the materials properties. In this Focus Topic we expect contributions on broadly-defined experimental and modeling studies of the optical, electronic, structural and defect properties of the organometallic halide perovskites. Advancements in materials engineering and the development of practical applications are also encouraged.
7.1.5: 5d/4d Transition Metal Systems
Organizers: Vivien Zapf (Los Alamos National Lab) & Natalia Perkins (Univ Minnesota)
Materials with 5d and 4d orbitals occupy a unique niche due to the competition between the crystal-field, spin-orbit coupling and Coulomb repulsion energy scales, as well as exchange interactions. These materials pose a challenge for observing and calculating behavior in the strongly spin-orbit coupled regime due to competing spin, charge and lattice degrees of freedom. As a consequence of the intricate interplay between various interactions, 5d and 4d materials exhibit intriguing properties that have been observed in experiment and theory, including unexpected insulating behavior, topological spin liquids and unconventional superconductivity.
This focus topic covers experimental and theoretical work on compounds containing 5d/4d elements, e.g. iridium, osmium, rhodium or ruthenium and others. These materials can be found for a variety of two- and three-dimensional lattices with varying degree of frustration and correlations. Emergent phases include magnetism, topological behavior, spin liquids, superconductivity and metal-to-insulator transitions. The topic is not limited to oxides.
8.1.2: Dopants and Defects in Semiconductors (Same as 16.1.14)
Organizers: Jack Lyons (Naval Research Lab), Evan Glaser (Naval Research Lab) & Greg Fuchs (Cornell Univ)
Impurities and native defects profoundly affect the electronic and optical properties of semiconductor materials. Impurity incorporation is often a necessary step for tuning the electrical properties in semiconductors. Defects control carrier concentration, mobility, lifetime, and recombination; they are also responsible for the mass-transport processes involved in the migration, diffusion, and precipitation of impurities and host atoms. Controlling the presence of impurities and defects is a critical factor in semiconductor engineering, and has enabled the remarkable development of Si-based electronics, GaN-based blue light-emitting diodes and lasers, semiconducting oxides for transparent conducting displays, and the promise of next-generation sensors and computing based on individual defects like the NV center in diamond. The fundamental understanding, characterization and control of defects and impurities will also be essential for developing new devices, such as those based on novel wide-band gap semiconductors, spintronic materials, and low dimensional structures.
The physics of dopants and defects in semiconductors, from the bulk to the nanoscale and including surfaces and interfaces, is the subject of this focus topic. Abstracts on experimental, computational and theoretical investigations are solicited in areas of interest that include: the electronic, structural, optical, and magnetic properties of impurities and defects in elemental and compound semiconductors; wide band-gap materials such as diamond, aluminum nitride, and gallium oxide; single-photon defect emitters including NV centers and their analogues; defects in two-dimensional materials including phosphorene, h-BN and transition metal dichalcogenides; and the emerging organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite (e.g., MAPbI3) solar cell materials are of interest. Abstracts on specific materials challenges involving defects, e.g., in processing, characterization, property determination, including imaging and various new nanoscale probes are also welcomed.
9.1.1: Fe-based Superconductors
Organizers: Jiun-Haw Chu (U. Washington), Qimiao Si (Rice U.) & Jiaqiang Yan (Oak Ridge National Lab)
Fe-based superconductors (FeSCs) continue to fascinate the materials and condensed matter physics communities as we move into a new decade of their study. While the field started from the iron pnictides, new efforts have increasingly been directed towards the iron chalcogenides. Recent advances in the synthesis and control of the FeSCs are giving us renewed hope for even higher superconducting transition temperatures. At the same time, considerable progress is being made in the understanding of these materials, including the bad-metal normal state and the degree of electron-electron correlations, the order and excitations of the various electronic degrees of freedom (spin, orbital, charge and nematic), the role of quantum criticality in the phase diagram, and the amplitude and structure of the multi-orbital superconducting pairing. In addition, there is progress in understanding the unifying principles that may optimize superconductivity of the FeSCs and connect them with other unconventional superconductors such as the cuprates, heavy fermions and organic charge-transfer salts. Finally, the FeSCs may connect to broader issues on superconductivity, such as BCS-BEC crossover and topological superconductivity. This focus topic will cover the pertinent recent developments in the materials growth, experimental measurements and theoretical understandings, and survey the potential for discovering new superconducting systems with still higher transition temperatures.
9.1.2 Topological Superconductivity
Organizers: Matthew Gilbert (Univ Illinois Urbana-Champaign), Eun-Ah Kim (Cornell Univ) & Nadya Mason (Univ Illinois Urbana-Champaign)
Topological superconductors are superconductors characterized by topological invariants associated with the band-structure of the Bogoliubov quasi-particles. They have been a focus of significant experimental and theoretical effort due to their potential relevance to both fundamental physical and mathematical concepts, and practical implementations of topological quantum computation. Although the early focus in the search for topological superconductors was on bulk materials, there has been much recent progress in studies of atomically thin materials, artificially engineered structures, and the surfaces of new bulk materials. This Focus Topic will cover topological superconductivity and closely related non-centrosymmetric superconductivity in new experimental settings such as transition metal dichalcogenides, topological insulators, Weyl semi-metals, FeSe-based systems, graphene, engineered heterostructures, semiconducting nanowires, Shiba states, junctions with ferromagnets, quantum Hall states, and Floquet systems. This Focus Topic will also cover new developments in the understanding of Sr2RuO4 and other known candidate systems, as well as advances in strategies for quantum information processing using topological superconductivity.
12.1.1: 2D Materials: Synthesis, Defects, Structure and Properties
Organizers: Connie Li (Naval Reseach Lab), Marc Bockrath (Ohio State Univ) & Eric Stinaff (Ohio Univ)
The interest in two dimensional (2D) materials is rapidly spreading across all scientific and engineering disciplines due to their exceptional chemical, mechanical, optical and electrical properties, which not only provide a platform to investigate fundamental physical phenomena but also promise solutions to the most relevant technological challenges. 2D materials find their immediate application in field effect transistors, gas sensors, bio-detectors, mechanical resonators, optical modulators and energy harvesting devices with superior performances that have already been demonstrated in prototype devices. However, the true impact will only be made if the initial breakthroughs are transformed into commercial technologies. A major challenge towards the commercialization of 2D materials is the large area, scalable and controllable growth of highly crystalline layers in a cost-effective way. So far, the best quality samples of 2D materials have been obtained through micromechanical exfoliation of naturally occurring single crystals. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is the most widely used bottom-up technique to grow large area 2D-materials. Several top-down approaches have also been adopted based on bulk liquid phase chemical and electrochemical exfoliation.
The 2D focus topic will cover:
- Experimental, theoretical, and computational studies illuminating various aspects of the growth process including, e. g., layer number and stacking geometry control, the formation of topological and structural defects, grain size and grain boundary control, and the effect of substrate chemistry, crystallography and strain
- Methods of doping
- Templated or bottom-up growth or top-down synthesis of nanostructures and integration with other materials
- Characterization and modeling of the structural, mechanical, electronic, and optical properties of the synthesized 2D materials
12.1.2: 2D Materials: Semiconductors (Same as 8.1.7)
Organizers: Junqiao Wu (UC Berkeley), Ian Appelbaum (Univ Maryland) & Di Xiao (Carnegie Mellon Univ)
Research exploring 2D semiconductors and their heterostructures is rapidly expanding to include a wide variety of layered material systems with diverse properties, including strong many-body interactions, strong spin-orbit coupling effects, spin- and valley-dependent physics, and topological physics. This Focus Topic will cover experimental and theoretical/computational work related to 2D semiconductors and their heterostructures, including large bandgap materials such as the chalcogenides (e.g. MoS2, WSe2, GaSe and ReSe), phosphorene and h-BN, small bandgap materials with possible topological properties (such as silicene, germanene, stanene and Bi2Se3), and magnetic semiconductors (e.g. CrGeTe3, CrI3, Mn:MoS2). We encourage abstracts discussing important topics related to monolayers, few-layers and heterostructures, including quantum transport properties, mobility engineering, spin- and valley-dependent phenomena, 2D exciton physics, the effect of defect engineering on optical and electronic properties, understanding the role of the dielectric environment, and many-body effects, in addition to magnetic, thermal and mechanical properties.
12.1.3: Devices from 2D Materials: Function, Fabrication and Characterization
Organizers: Jim Hone (Columbia Univ), Joshua Robinson (Penn State Univ) & Andrea Young (UC Santa Barbara)
With the rapid progress in the research on 2D materials, including graphene and other layered material systems, a wide variety of properties and functionalities have emerged that have broad scientific and technological significance. The rational design of devices consisting of 2D materials calls for improved understanding of their intrinsic and extrinsic properties that are critical to the device functionality, as well as their integration with other device components. The development of these 2D materials based devices also requires solutions to problems associated with material functionalization, structural fabrication, and device characterization. This Focus Topic will cover experimental and theoretical/computational work related to devices based on the growing array of 2D materials that exhibit a wide variety of behaviors – such as metallic, semiconducting, insulating, magnetic, superconducting, and various strongly correlated electronic phenomena. These 2D materials include (but are not limited to) graphene, transition-metal chalcogenides (e.g., MoS2, WSe2, NbSe2, TaS2, FeSe etc.), silicene, germanane, stanene, phosphorene, topological insulators (e.g., Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, etc.), layered oxides (e.g., BSCCO), and large band gap materials such as h-BN.
We invite contributions on topics including: (i) the functionalization, fabrication, measurements, and modeling of devices based on the unique properties of 2D materials in the single- or multi-layered forms as well as their heterostructures; (ii) proof-of-principle studies focusing on the electronic, magnetic, optical, mechanical, thermal, and chemical behaviors of 2D materials relevant for device applications; and (iii) interfacial, environmental, and system-based properties and behaviors inherent to the application of 2D materials in future devices.
12.1.4: 2D Materials: Metals, Superconductors, and Correlated Materials
Organizers: Luis Balicas (High Field Magnet Lab, Tallahassee) & Tony Heinz (Stanford Univ)
In the last few years, there has been an explosion of activities in the field of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene. Much of the effort focused on the rich optoelectronic properties of semiconducting compounds like the transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) or black phosphorus. Some of the TMDs display an insulating to metal transition upon gating which seems to be driven by electronic correlations. Others are metallic (or semi-metallic) over the entire temperature range while presenting gapped electronic ground states, such as superconductivity or charge-density waves. Semi-metallic WTe2 and orthorhombic MoTe2 (or ZrTe5) are claimed to possess unique topological features in their electronic band structures apparently leading to anomalous transport properties and perhaps also to an unconventional superconducting state. For monolayer NbSe2 superconductivity was shown to survive the application of extremely high magnetic fields when applied along its planar direction, while electronic correlations are likely to be important for the high superconducting transition temperature observed in monolayer FeSe. Surprisingly, the suppression of inter-planar coupling was claimed to enhance the charge-density wave transition in monolayers of TMDs. But with the exception of bilayer graphene, and probably also the quantum Hall-effect seen in transition metal dichalcogenides, InSe or black-phosphorus, to date there are relatively few examples of mono- or few-layered compounds, for which correlations seem to play a fundamental role.
This focus topic will concentrate on two-dimensional materials displaying gate induced phase-transitions or ground states with either non-trivial topologies or broken-symmetries for which new and relevant physical phenomena is likely to emerge.
12.1.6: Van der Waals Bonding in Advanced Materials (Same as 16.1.17)
Organizers: Evan Reed (Stanford Univ), Aaron Lindenburg (Stanford Univ) & Alejandro Rodriguez (Princeton Univ)
Whether binding two-dimensional materials, organic components, or defining surface energies, van der Waals interactions are central to structure, stability and function. While these forces are typically weaker than the internal (covalent) bonds that hold a molecule together, they still span a few orders of magnitude and thus present a unique challenge to both theory and experiment. Electromagnetic Casimir effects are closely related but are commonly studied and engineered by separate communities. This focus session aims to bring together theorists and experimentalists from a wide range of materials and electromagnetic disciplines to discuss the key challenges, opportunities, and recent progress in the characterization and engineering of van der Waals bonded complexes/materials and Casimir forces in structured media.
We hope to increase participation by some members of the Casimir community for cross fertilization of ideas.
12.1.7: Computational Design and Discovery of Novel Materials (Same as 16.1.1)
Organizers: Qimin Yan (Temple University) & Anderson Janotti (University of Delaware)
The development of predictive computational simulation for accelerating the discovery and rational design of functional materials is a challenge of great contemporary interest. Advances in algorithms and predictive power of computational techniques are playing a fundamental role in the discovery of novel functional materials, with successful examples in catalysis, batteries, and photoelectrochemistry. High-throughput computation and materials databases have recently enabled rapid screening of both molecules and solid-state compounds with multiple properties and functionalities. This focus topic will cover research efforts to accelerate materials discovery and/or development by building the fundamental knowledge base and applying novel data driven approaches to design materials with specific and targeted functional properties from first principles.
Abstracts are solicited in the areas of interest that include computational materials design and discovery; development of accessible and sustainable data infrastructure; development of new data analytic tools and statistical algorithms; advanced simulations of material properties in conjunction with new device functionality; data uncertainty quantification; advances in predictive modeling that leverage machine learning and data mining; algorithms for global structure and property optimizations; and computational modeling of materials synthesis. The technical applications include but are not limited to electronic and optoelectronic materials, magnetic materials and spintronics, energy conversion and storage materials (thermoelectrics, batteries, fuel cells, photocatalysts, photovoltaics, ferroelectrics), metallic alloys, and two-dimensional materials. Contributions that feature strong connection to experiments are of special interest.
13.1.1: Nanostructures and Metamaterials
Organizers: Jay Foley (William Patterson Univ) & Hayk Harutyunyan (Emory Univ)
Recent experimental, theoretical and computational advances have enabled the design and realization of nanostructured materials with novel, complex and often unusual electromagnetic properties unattainable in natural materials. Such nanostructures and metamaterials provide unique opportunities to manipulate electromagnetic radiation over a broad range of frequencies, from the ultraviolet and visible to terahertz and microwave. This focus topic will highlight recent progress in the physical understanding, design, fabrication, and applications of these man-made materials. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: nanophotonics, plasmonics, near-field and quantum optics, opto-fluidics, energy harvesting, and the emerging interface of condensed matter and materials physics with the biological, chemical and neuro sciences.
13.1.3: Electron, Exciton, and Phonon Transport in Nanostructures
Organizers: Pierre Darancet (Argonne National Lab), Alexander Weber-Bargioni (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab) & Pramod Reddy (Univ Michigan)
Understanding and controlling how heat, charge, and energy flow at the nanoscale is critical for realizing the potential of nanomaterials in next generation device technologies. Of particular challenge, and opportunity, is understanding how elementary excitations such as phonons, electrons, holes, excitons, and plasmons interact with each other and are influenced by interfaces, confinement, and quantum effects in nanostructures. This is particularly true for heterogeneous nanoscale materials and interfaces with varying degrees of electronic and phononic couplings, and distinct thermal and electrical impedances. Structural components used in hybrid nanostructures can be made of semiconductors, metals, molecules, liquids, etc.
Contributions are solicited in areas that reflect recent advances in experimental measurement, theory, and modeling of transport mechanisms in nanoscale materials and interfaces. Specific topics of interest include, but are not limited to:
- Electron-phonon coupling and heat generation by hot charge carriers
- Dynamics of energy and charge flow in nanostructured hybrid materials
- Ultrafast dynamics of charge carriers, excitons and phonons in nanostructures and across nanoscale interfaces
- Charge, heat, and exciton transport through metal-semiconductor interfaces
- Correlating nanoscale interface structure & chemistry with charge, heat, and exciton transport
- Non-equilibrium heat transport and phonon-bottlenecks effects
- Influence of dimensionality and nanostructuring on charge, heat, and exciton transport
- Energy transfer in hybrid nanomaterials including dots, wires, plates, polymers, etc
- Excitonic nanomaterials with light-harvesting and lighting properties utilizing both solid-state and molecular components
- Plasmonic nano- and meta-structures for light harvesting and concentration
- Near-field heat transfer and energy conversion in nanogaps and nanodevices
- Hybrid structures with interacting exciton and plasmon resonances
- Hybrid nanomaterials for photo-catalytic applications utilizing excitons and plasmons
13.1.3: Complex Oxide Interfaces and Heterostructures
Organizers: Adam Hauser (Alabamu Univ), Divine Kumah (North Carolina State Univ) & Xifan Wu (Temple Univ)
When complex oxides are prepared as thin films and heterostructures, they exhibit additional properties that cannot be realized in the constituent materials alone. These novel properties arise as a result of interfacial charge transfer, exchange coupling, orbital reconstructions, proximity effects, dimensionality as well as the mechanical and electric boundary conditions. Emergent electronic and magnetic states at oxide interfaces raise exciting prospects for new fundamental physics and technological applications. This Focus Topic is dedicated to progress in the fabrication, methodologies, and knowledge in the field of complex oxide thin films, heterostructures, superlattices, and nanostructures. Synthesis, characterization, theory, and novel device physics are emphasized. Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to, growth of oxide thin films and heterostructures (with special emphasis on new materials/interfaces), control of properties (magnetic, electronic, ordering, interfacial superconductivity, multiferroicity, magnetotransport, spin-orbit coupling), and developments in theoretical prediction and materials-by-design approaches. Advances in techniques to probe and image electronic, structural and magnetic states at heterostructure interfaces are also emphasized. Note that overlap exists with other DMP and GMAG focus sessions. As a rule of thumb, if complex oxides and their heterostructures are at the core of the investigation, then the talk is appropriate for this focus topic.
13.1.4 Materials for Post-Moore Computing
Organizers: Shriram Ramanathan (Purdue Univ) & Joshua Yang (Univ Massachusetts)
Information processing is at a cross-roads. Traditional approaches to CMOS scaling and dimensionality reduction are nearly at the physical limits with diminishing returns on performance. The bottleneck of von Neumann architecture has become an increasing limiting factor on the throughput of traditional computing paradigms. Exponential growth in mobile devices amidst a rapid pace of global connectivity through internet and satellites creates new opportunities for condensed matter physics and devices. New materials and new physical properties / collective excitations should be exploited going forward to continue seamless innovations and breakthroughs in electronic materials and devices for unconventional computing. Close collaboration between physicists, materials scientists and electrical engineers may be particularly fruitful. In this context, a symposium focusing on new materials and structures for computing coupled with fundamental physical understanding of properties and phenomena is being explored in APS for the first time. Given this topic is highly exploratory in nature, we solicit presentations in broadly defined areas below as well as related topics that would be considered to be in early stages of research:
- 2D materials and electronics
- New materials (e.g. non-Silicon CMOS) such as oxides, chalcogenides, compositionally complex systems for information storage, logic
- Memristors and two-terminal computing devices
- Ionotronics: use of ions for computing and memory
- Metals and other exotic spin systems for spintronics
- Magnetic materials for domain wall electronics
- Hybrid electronics, e.g. liquid-solid interfaces for ionic-gated devices
- New approaches to computing non-charge state variables, e.g. topological order, spin
- Optical computing materials and devices
- Biological, polymer or inorganic materials for neuromorphic computing
- First principles theory/simulations of emerging electronic materials/devices
- New computing approaches for non-equilibrium systems, e.g. materials under electric fields
- Other ideas that may be exploratory and less well defined at this time
13.1.5 Assembly and Behavior of Hierarchical Materials
Organizers: Steve Whitelam (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab) & Dmitri Talapin (U Chicago)
Hierarchical materials can have properties much different to those of their constituents arranged in a simple way. For instance, tooth enamel and bone have properties of strength and durability that far outstrip those of simple crystals of their constituent minerals. Nature’s ability to build functional hierarchical materials extends to virus capsids and proteins, and provides inspiration for synthetic hierarchical nanomaterials self-assembled in the laboratory. This DMP Focus Topic will explore the assembly and properties of hierarchical materials, both synthetic and biological.
14.1.1: Surface Science of Organic Molecular Solids, Films, and Nanostructures
Organizers: Mina Yoon (Oak Ridge National Lab and U Tennessee), Chenggang Tao (Virginia Tech) & Wai-Lun Chan (Univ Kansas)
Organic molecular solids are a challenging materials class since numerous “weak” interactions, all of comparable strength, control structures and functional properties. The promise of high performance optoelectronics, designer sensors, electrode work function control, and bioelectronic devices make the payoff for addressing this challenge high. Moreover, there is great scientific value in addressing complex systems with hierarchical interactions and a strong tension between localized and delocalized phenomenon such as found in organic molecular solids. This Focus Topic will bring together Surface Scientists to report and discuss new experimental and theoretical/computational results aimed at the basic physics underpinning this material class. Research of interest includes the structure, properties, electron dynamics, and applications of organic adsorbates, monolayer assemblies, thin films, crystals and nanostructures.