Speaker: George Crabtree, Argonne National Laboratory
Energy is undergoing an historic transition, from predominantly fossil to more diverse and sustainable sources including wind, solar, biofuels and nuclear and serving a variety of uses interchangably including transportation, lighting, refrigeration, heating, entertainment, communication and industry. Science and technology lead the energy transition through discovery of new phenomena and development of new technologies for production, storage and use. The next fifty years of energy transition and innovation will be examined from the point of view of societal needs, international relationships, and promising science directions. The roles of electricity, chemical fuels and photons as sustainable and fungible energy carriers will be emphasized. Workshop Overview »
Speaker: Alan Taub, University of Michigan, formerly Vice President of Global Research and Development at General Motors
Materials Challenges for a Sustainable Automotive Industry
Despite an impressive array of technology advances, the basic operation of the automobile has not changed much over the past 120 years. Vehicles continue to be largely energized by petroleum, powered by internal combustion engines, and controlled via mechanical linkages. However, given society's concerns related to energy, environment, safety, congestion, and affordability, one must question whether the continued evolution of traditional automotive technologies will enable sustainable personal mobility. Fortunately, new and more revolutionary automotive technologies are at hand, which will allow the industry to address the issues currently associated with automobiles. These developments include energy source diversification, electrification of the propulsion system, lightweight and advanced materials, advanced electronics and vehicle controls, new mobility internet capabilities, and energy-efficient, environmentally friendly manufacturing processes.
As the auto industry works to develop and deploy these new technologies, it has become increasingly apparent that many of the major challenges to their implementation are materials related. Dr. Taub's talk will highlight the most promising technology options and approaches and discuss the key materials opportunities in each technology arena.